‘Delayed diagnosis is a major challenge in epilepsy management’

Epilepsy is a chronic disorder characterised by recurrent and unprovoked seizures that lasts for 60 to 90 seconds. It occurs differently in every child and needs an accurate diagnosis as it can lead to multiple disabilities in children. On the eve of World Epilepsy, P.D. Hinduja Hospital and Medical Research Centre organised a free check-up camp, to aid those with complex epilepsy

‘Delayed diagnosis is a major challenge in epilepsy management’

As a prelude to World Epilepsy Day 2017, a city hospital organised a free check-up camp to aid those with complex epilepsy. The event witnessed the participation of 49 adults and 39 children suffering from complex epilepsy.

Epilepsy is a chronic disorder characterised by recurrent and unprovoked seizures that lasts for 60 to 90 seconds. Epilepsy occurs differently in every child and needs an accurate diagnosis as it can lead to multiple disabilities in children. As per World Health Organization estimates, epilepsy is one of the most common brain disorders globally. It is estimated that there may be about 6 to 12 million people living with epilepsy in India.

Dr Vrajesh Udani, Consultant Paediatric Neurologist said, “Epilepsy can affect anyone, at any age. In infants and children, perinatal injuries, trauma during childbirth and unhygienic conditions are the main causes of epilepsy. Earlier, epilepsy was treated using a few drugs available in the market. With advancement in technology, today epilepsy can also be cured with the help of surgery. Both children and adult patients can undergo surgery, however, complications are lesser and recovery is faster in younger patients.”

‘Delayed diagnosis is a major challenge in epilepsy management’

Seizures can be controlled with medication, diet, devices, and/or surgery. Most seizures do not cause brain damage, but on-going uncontrolled seizures may cause brain damage. Some children with epilepsy may even suffer from other issues like ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder), autism, sleeping disorders, behavioural disorders or poor performance in school. Therefore, it is important to make sure that diagnosis is conducted accurately, along with the right form of treatment.

Dr Neelu Desai, Consultant Paediatric Neurologist said, “Epilepsy is a serious problem in India, with high prevalence among children. The major challenge in effective management of epilepsy in our country is delayed diagnosis. Further, patient compliance plays a key role in the level of progress that an epileptic patient makes. In most cases, it is the care giver that must make sure that medication, diet (ketogenic) and other prescribed measures are followed accurately.”

The team of experts from Hinduja Hospital that led the camp included Dr. Vrajesh Udani, Consultant Paediatric Neurologist; Dr. Neelu Desai, Consultant Paediatric Neurologist and Epileptologist; Dr. Roopkumar Gursahani, Consultant Neurologist and Dr. Milind Sankhe, Consultant Neurosurgeon.