Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that’s found in all cells of the body, according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. It comes from the food you eat, but what happens if you consume too much? Well, it will build up in the bloodstream, which results in clogged arteries. High cholesterol is a major risk factor for heart disease, and it has many causes.
A good cholesterol ratio shows that the body is working properly and is healthy. It signals that someone is in good health and is probably taking care of themselves. Overall, raised cholesterol is estimated to cause 2.6 million deaths (4.5% of total) and 29.7 million disability adjusted life years (DALYS), or 2.0% of total DALYS.
Although diet can be a simple and powerful way to improve cholesterol levels, it plays a bigger role for some people than for others
Raised total cholesterol is a major cause of disease burden in both the developed and developing world as a risk factor for ischemic heart disease and stroke.
A 10% reduction in serum cholesterol in men aged 40 has been reported to result in a 50% reduction in heart disease within 5 years; the same serum cholesterol reduction for men aged 70 years can result in an average 20% reduction in heart disease occurrence in the next 5 years.
Richa Shukla, a dietician at Jehangir hospital, Pune, said, “One should make smarter choices about food and should eat less junk food. One should eat healthy fats like oats, avocado and olive oil. In order to replace cholesterol one should have enough carbohydrates.”
By lowering your blood LDL (‘bad’) cholesterol level, even if it is normal, you help reduce your chances of having a heart attack. It’s especially important if the LDL level is above 130 milligrams per decilitre. For every 10% drop in your cholesterol level, your heart attack risk potentially falls by 20% to 30%.