Cardiovascular disease is claiming many young lives, reports study

Indian patients are at inherently greater risk of diabetes as well as cardiovascular disease; these chronic diseases occur a decade earlier in Indian population

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  • Diabetes is a major risk-factor for cardiovascular disease; both these diseases have assumed epidemic proportions in India.
  • Diabetes is the second commonest comorbidity in cardiology OPDs in India.
  • Maharashtra, cardiovascular disease is leading cause of death in adults over 40 years of age, accounting for almost 2 out of every 5 deaths.
  • In Maharashtra, ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of loss of life-years due to ill-health, disability or early death (jumping 4 ranks from 1990 to 2016).

Heart disease is still the leading cause of death in India, killing 1.7 million Indians in 2016, according to the 2016 Global Burden of Disease Report.

The reasons for the prevalence of increasing CVD cases in the city over the years is because of changing  lifestyle paterns like smoking, consuming alcohol, unhealthy diet and limited physical activity.

A study from All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has suggested that 35% of patients who had a heart attack are below 50 and 10 % are under 30.

The term ‘cardiovascular disease’ (CVD) refers to any disease of the heart. Most prevalent cardiovascular diseases include coronary heart disease (e.g. heart attack) and cerebrovascular disease (e.g. stroke).

Highlighting the causes of heart diseases, Senior Endocrinologist Dr Mohan Magdum said, “High blood glucose (blood sugar) can be indicative of diabetes. CVD accounts for 2/3rd of all deaths in people with diabetes. So if it’s left undiagnosed and untreated it can put one at increased risk of heart disease and stroke.

In fact, diabetes and CVD sprout from common soil, having common antecedents.

A majority of CVDs are preventable. All that is required are a few lifestyle changes. Decreasing the consumption of alcohol and tobacco, cessation of smoking, reducing intake of salt, increasing consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables, taking measures to curb obesity are some of the important steps that can help prevent CVDs.

Regular exercising, staying physically active, changing sedentary lifestyle, and managing stress also helps keep heart diseases at bay.”

Talking about the increase in heart diseases in Pune and its symptoms, the cardiologist Dr Rahul Patil said “The number of CVD cases in Pune have increased over the years. In fact, in Maharashtra, ischemic heart disease is the Leading cause of loss of life-years due to ill-health, disability or early death, jumping 4 ranks from 1990 to 2016. CVD accounts for almost 2 out of every 5 deaths after the age of 40. With the sedentary lifestyle, the cases of heart problems are now alarming increasing in the young population. I have come across patients in their 30’s, who have heart disease.”

Dr Patil further said, “The symptoms of such diseases tend to vary from individual to individual, and may be absent or atypical in presence of underlying diabetes. Increasing breathlessness, giddiness, sweating, or chest discomfort could be symptoms of heart disease. Any person experiencing these symptoms should visit a doctor to ensure timely diagnosis, so that correct treatment can be started.”

As per surveys conducted over the years the cause of the CVD also is linked to genetics and diabetes. Both these factors play a key role in the development of heart disease.

According to the study released by WHO, High blood glucose (blood sugar) can be indicative of diabetes. CVD accounts for 60% of all deaths in people with diabetes so if it’s left undiagnosed and untreated it can put you at increased risk of heart disease and stroke.

In adults with diabetes, the most common causes of death are heart disease and stroke.