Cardiovascular deaths rise in India by 34% in two decades

The deaths caused due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) declined by 41 per cent in the US between 1990 and 2016, while, in the same period, it rose by around 34 per cent in India

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A new international study published by Elsevier, in the Journal of American College of Cardiology, says that the deaths caused due to heart diseases have declined significantly in the US in the last 25 years, but on the contrary, it continues to rise in India with cardiovascular diseases being the leading cause of death.

The study says, from 1990 to 2016, deaths per one lakh population in India had risen from 115.7 to 209.1.

The study underlines that improvement in CVD mortality in the US was possible due to a decline in population-level risk factor trends such as tobacco usage, high cholesterol, and blood pressure.

The study mentions large variations in Indian states. For instance, the burden of ischemic heart diseases in highest in Punjab while it is lowest in Mizoram. In 2016, around 62 million and 12 million lives were lost prematurely due to CVD in India and the US respectively.

Dr Hemant Kokane, a cardiologist at Sassoon General Hospital, said, “Incidence of Ischemic heart disease and stroke have risen in the recent past. The government should come up with population-level strategies to reduce the risk factors. The burden of non-communicable diseases is increasing, and therefore we should focus on cardiac-related ailments.”

Dr Sidhant Ghadge, a cardiologist at Ruby hall clinic, Pune, said, “Changing your lifestyle, by eating a healthy diet and good exercise should be the first step that every individual should take to tackle and avoid heart diseases.”