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Hypoglycemia occurs when blood sugar levels drop below 70 milligrams per decilitre (mg/dl). Severe hypoglycemia can be life-threatening if a person does not receive treatment. Treatments focus on returning blood sugar to safe levels.
sugar/ glucose, is the body’s primary source of energy. When levels fall too low, the body does not have enough energy to function fully.
Insulin helps the body’s cells to absorb sugar from the bloodstream. A person with diabetes may take insulin shots because their body is resistant to insulin or because it does not produce enough.
For diabetics, taking too much
insulin can cause blood sugar levels to drop too low. Not eating enough or exercising too much after taking insulin can have the same effect.
However, people who do not have
diabetes can also experience hypoglycemia.
Causes of hypoglycemia without diabetes
In people without
diabetes, hypoglycemia can result from the body producing too much insulin after a meal, causing blood sugar levels to drop. This is called reactive hypoglycemia.
hypoglycemia can be an early sign of diabetes.
Other health issues can also cause
hypoglycemia, such as:
Drinking too much alcohol
When a person’s blood
sugar levels are low, the pancreas releases a hormone called glucagon.
Glucagon tells the liver to break down stored energy. The liver then releases
glucose back into the bloodstream to normalise blood sugar levels.
Drinking a lot of alcohol can make it difficult for the liver to function. It may no longer be able to release
glucose back into the bloodstream, which can cause temporary hypoglycemia.
Taking another person’s
diabetes medication can cause hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia can also be a side effect of: Malaria medication
Some groups have an increased risk of medication-induced
hypoglycemia, including children and people with kidney failure.
A person with this eating disorder may not be consuming enough food for their body to produce sufficient
Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition that affects the liver. Having hepatitis can prevent the liver from working properly.
If the liver cannot produce or release enough
glucose, this can cause problems with blood sugar levels and lead to hypoglycemia.
Adrenal or pituitary gland disorders
Problems with the pituitary gland or adrenal glands can cause
hypoglycemia as these parts of the body affect the hormones that control glucose production.
The kidneys help the body process medication and excrete waste.
If a person has a problem with their kidneys, medication can build up in their bloodstream. This type of build-up can change blood
Pancreatic tumours are rare, but having one can lead to
Tumours in the pancreas can cause the organ to produce too much
insulin. If insulin levels are too high, blood sugar levels will drop.
When a person has
hypoglycemia, they may feel: Shaky
Unable to concentrate
Unable to focus their eyes
A person with
hypoglycemia may develop a headache or pass out (lose consciousness).
If a person has
hypoglycemia often, they may stop experiencing symptoms. This is called hypoglycemia unawareness.
hypoglycemia, a doctor first asks a person about their symptoms. If the doctor suspects hypoglycemia, they may perform a blood test.
sugar levels below 70 mg/d L can indicate hypoglycemia.
However, everyone has a different base blood
sugar level, and the measurement that determines hypoglycemia can vary.
Treating the underlying cause is the best way to prevent
hypoglycemia in the long term. In the short term, receiving glucose helps blood sugar levels return to normal.
According to research from 2014, the best way to treat mild
hypoglycemia is to:
There are many ways to receive
glucose, including: Taking a
glucose tablet Injecting
glucose Drinking fruit juice
Eating slow-release carbohydrates may help sustain blood
Non-diabetic hypoglycemia diet
hypoglycemia diet can help keep blood sugar levels balanced. The following tips can help to prevent hypoglycemia: Eating small meals regularly, rather than three large meals
Eating every 3 hours
Eating a variety of foods, including protein, healthful fats, and fibre
Avoiding sugary foods
Carrying a snack to eat at the first sign of
hypoglycemia can prevent blood sugar levels from dipping too low.
Ultimately, the best way to prevent
hypoglycemia is to identify and treat the underlying cause.
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Medical News Today