The second day of Bombay Opthalmologists’ Association (BOA) FOCUS 2017 conference saw discussion on management of keratoconus, a progressive disease of the cornea where it starts thinner and conical leading to loss of visual quality.
“Earlier, the keratoconus management option was wearing a specially designed contact lens or corneal transplant. But, in last one decade, there has been explosion of information and corneal cross linking or C3R as we call it,” said Dr Chitra Ramamurthy, Medical Director of the Eye Foundation, Coimbatore.
She said in this procedure, the cornea is strengthened with increased linkages in the corneal tissue. “In the session, we discussed standard C3R to accelerated C3R, the advantages of the same were discussed backed with literature,” said Dr Chitra who chaired the session held at Hyatt Regency, Mumbai on August 12.
She said during the session intracorneal ring segments to re-establish the shape of cornea and give better vision was also discussed. There were speakers who spoke on experience of cross linkages in last 10 years. Current evolution in the technique too was discussed.
“The session also focused on different experts talking about artificial intelligence based C3R, need for early treatment in paediatric age group, different tools involved in early detection of the disease, how to stage the treatment of the disease at different levels of presentations etc,” informed Dr Chitra.
People having eye allergies, habitual eye rubbers and people with genetic inheritance are at high risk of being diagnosed with keratoconus. “The various tools for imaging today has helped identify keratoconus at early stage and has thrown open the pandora box of managing this progressive visual impairment in young productive age group,” said Dr Chitra.
What is keratoconus?
Keratoconus is a progressive eye disease in which the normally round cornea thins and begins to bulge into a cone-like shape. This cone shape deflects light as it enters the eye on its way to the light-sensitive retina, causing distorted vision.