#WorldTraumaDay: Be first aid-ready! Essentials for your vehicle

Dr Sandeep Gore, HOD - Emergency Medicine, Fortis Hospital, Mulund, shares what things should be there in a vehicle's First Aid kit, that would come in handy, in case of an accident

First-Aid-kit

Having a well-stocked first-aid box can help you prepare for common injuries and emergencies. It can also aid in responding to a medical crisis more efficiently.

Maintaining a first aid kit in your vehicle is vital to deal with emergencies when outdoors, it will help to avoid further damage until medical help arrives. You or other motorists may suffer a bruise, bite, cut or other self-treatable injuries while travelling, this is when the first aid kit will help.

The second Saturday of September, every year, is observed as World First Aid Day. Here is the list of things which should be present in the First Aid kits for outdoor emergencies.

  • Band-Aids, gauze pads, and rolls
  • Antiseptic ointment
  • Ice pack and a heating pad
  • Pain-relieving spray
  • Cream to treat burns
  • Splint kit
  • Insect repellants
  • Cotton balls and wipes
  • Thermometer
  • Curved scissors and tweezers
  • Hand sanitiser
  • Saline solution for cleaning injuries

For children, one may keep prescribed low dose medications at hand.

Essential items to help tackle serious wounds:

These are the items that you may need to use during severe medical emergencies like cardiac arrest, choking, drowning, or accidents. Here are some things that you may keep in stock:

  • Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) mask for mouth-to-mouth revival
  • An EpiPen for extreme allergic reactions

Additional essentials:

One may consider carrying other items such as anti-nausea medicine and carry a prescription copy for serious ailments such as asthma and others.

Importantly, keep a copy of emergency contact numbers handy, it becomes a critical asset, in case of the accident and the victim is unable to talk, or his phone is damaged or not found. For general emergencies, you may carry:

  • Flashlight with extra batteries
  • Hats and gloves
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Drinking water and dry food items with a longer shelf life
  • Compass