Anti-dengue vaccine: Central govt conducts a PAN India research

Dengue has created havoc across the country. To tackle it, efforts are being taken by the state and the centre through various campaigns. Still, the number of dengue patients is not going down. Since last four years, dengue cases have increased over one lakh. Owing to which, the central government is conducting a research to develop an anti-dengue vaccine

Anti-dengue vaccine: Central govt conducts a PAN India research

Dengue fever is a viral flu which is spread by the bite of an Aedes mosquito. The dengue hemorrhagic fever is widely known as ‘break bone fever’ as it accompanies with severe joint pains which makes the condition even worse.

There is no effective medicine and vaccine to cure dengue. Owing to which, the central government is conducting a research to develop an anti-dengue vaccine. The research will be conducted across the country. This study is being done through the Indian Council of Medical Research. Union Health Minister J P Nadda gave this information in Lok Sabha.

As per the information received from Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), a multi-centric study has been initiated to estimate the sero-prevalence of dengue virus infection in India with the main objective to establish age specific sero-prevalence of dengue virus infection in different geographic regions/states. This, in turn, this will enable the government to take a policy decision on introduction of dengue vaccine into the country.

As per Union Health Minister J P Nadda:

  • The study is being coordinated by ICMR – National Institute of Epidemiology, Chennai.
  • The multi-centric cross-sectional study to be conducted in five different geographical regions (three States will be selected from each region by simple random sampling) of the country in three different age groups: 5 to 8 years, 9 to17 years and 18 to 45 years. A total of 10,000 samples will be collected from all age groups and will be tested for Dengue IgG antibodies.
  • 5 parts have been created for this study

In a written answer in Lok Sabha, Union Health Minister said, “The study has been completed in the two parts of Tamil Nadu. In the coming six months, the research will be completed in the other parts of the state and the centre will receive the report.  The final result of this research will come in THE MONTH OF May or June.”

According to the information given by the health department:

  • In the year 2014: 40,517 dengue cases were reported
  • In the year 2015: 99,913 dengue cases were reported
  • In the year 2016: 1,29,166 dengue cases were reported
  • In the year 2017 (November): 1,50,472 cases were reported

Like health department, the AYUSH Ministry has also carried out research to develop an anti-dengue vaccine.