When smoking is the biggest reason for lung cancer, recently many cases of non-smokers suffering from lung cancer are also coming up. A new study revealed that air pollution can increase the risk of lung cancer among people.
According to the study conducted by the Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, and the Lung Care Foundation, 50% cancer patients below the age of 40 are non-smokers. IN the sample size of 150 patients who came in June 2018 for the treatment of lung cancer, 74 were non-smokers. Fumes from industries and vehicle emissions contribute to this increase in air pollution. This increased air pollution, according to experts is one of the emerging causes of lung cancer cases.
World Lung Cancer Day is celebrated on August 1 every year. Lung cancer kills thousands every year. When smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer, the disturbing trend of air pollution being one of the causes has now come up.
Exposure to PM 2.5 level of pollution is as bad as smoking one cigarette in a day. Kid’s are exposed to air pollution since birth and therefore at higher risk of lung cancer.
Experts say that this is a disturbing trend that many young people, non-smokers, and women are getting diagnosed as a sufferer of lung cancer. Dr Mahavir Modi, Chest Physician at Ruby Hall Clinic in Pune, said, “Many cases of women suffering from lung cancer are coming up these days. Majority of these women are non-smokers. When smoking is the predominant cause of lung cancer, there is a possibility of air pollution being one the causes behind cases of cancer in non-smokers.”
“It is essential that all norms related to pollution control are implemented properly. Also, a regular check of lungs and cleaning of lungs on regular basis should be done,” he added when asked about what should be preventive measures.
Preventive measures suggested by experts:
People should use N95 mask for protection from pollution.
Asthma and COPD patients must use N99
One must avoid going out as much as possible
People should not use their mask for more than 3 days