While some stick to a nocturnal schedule, others work rotating shifts where they switch between day and night shifts as per the demands of the job.
Researchers have looked into the possible health effects of this, though most of the research has been observational in nature.
This means that many studies can highlight risks in the population, though a clear causal relationship cannot be confirmed just yet. Here are four possible health risks we know about:
In a 2012 study, researchers from the University of Iowa examined how shift work might affect police officers. Those who worked nights were 14 times more likely to not meet the recommended sleep guidelines compared to those who worked day shifts.
In another breakdown of sleep quality and shift timings, poor sleep had a prevalence as follows – 44 per cent for those worked day shifts, 60 per cent for those who worked afternoons, and 69 per cent for those worked the night shifts.
Poor mental health
Of course, it is known that poor sleep is linked to fatigue and mood problems. But this risk may emerge even if a worker follows a consistent night shift schedule and gets enough rest in the morning. This is due to the social isolation that follows.
“I’ve worked nights in the hospital and known the isolation that comes with it,” writes James Hamblin, M.D., a physician and writer for the Atlantic. “You get invitations to social things and initially think, yeah I’ll be there. But then you realise you’ll be asleep. If you start to sacrifice sleep to keep a social life up, you can end up equally miserable.”
One observational study from China estimated a 9 percent greater risk of diabetes in shift workers when compared to their counterparts.
The same study listed several factors and also noted a gender difference with regard to this health risk. Men who work irregular hours may have a much higher likelihood than women.
Night shift work was classified as a ‘probable carcinogen’ way back in 2007, meaning workers may have an elevated risk of developing cancer compared to the rest of the population.
Being exposed to light, especially from electronic screen devices, during night-time may have something to do with this.
Also Read :- Night shifts have no link to breast cancer
Source: Medical Daily