The first meeting of National Council on India’s Nutrition Challenges under POSHAN Abhiyaan held today in New Delhi.
235 districts to be covered under Phase-II of POSHAN Abhiyaan bringing the total number to 550 Home based Care for Young Child (HBYC) to be the crucial component of POSHAN Abhiyaan.
The meeting was chaired by Dr Rajiv Kumar, Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog. The council which has been set up under POSHAN Abhiyaan is the apex body to formulate overall policies, guide and monitor all nutrition based schemes. The mandate of the council is:
Some of the important decisions taken in the meeting are:
235 Additional Districts have been confirmed as part of Phase II of POSHAN Abhiyaan in financial year 2018-19
The districts have been selected on the basis of:
- The level of stunting.
- Ensuring all LWE (105) and Aspirational (117) districts are included.
- Wherever a gap of 1 district was left to achieve saturation in states/UTs.
Provision of smartphones instead of tablets to lady supervisors.
Some states have highlighted problems in procurement of tablets for Anganwadi supervisors. The issue was discussed in the meeting and it was decided that Smartphones may be procured for Anganwadi supervisors instead of Tablets.
Direct transfer of funds to states/UTs for cash award to frontline functionaries, instead of creation of corpus fund.
It was decided to examine the matter in consultation with the Ministry of Finance.
Dr Vinod Paul, Member, NITI Aayog in his address highlighted that the focus is on the first 1000 days of the child and preventive care for adolescent girls, women and mothers. He also said that Home-based Care for Young Child (HBYC) would be a crucial component of POSHAN Abhiyaan. In HBYC, ASHAs supported by Anganwadi workers (AWW) will visit the homes of children aged between 3 to 15 months and sensitise mothers on energy density and diet of child.
Dr Rajesh Kumar, Joint Secretary highlighted that various incentives have been made a part of POSHAN Abhiyaan. To encourage Anganwadi workers to use mobile phones for real time monitoring (ICT-RTM), incentive funds shall be provided for each Anganwadi worker per month. It will be linked to the achievements of certain targets.
The first lot of 40 Swasth Bharat Preraks is being dispatched by end of the month and would be available at District level to assist the staff in smooth roll-out.
Under the Abhiyaan, Swasth Bharat Preraks will be deployed one in each District for coordinating with District officials and enabling fast and efficient execution of the Abhiyaan across the country.
Swasth Bharat Preraks would function as a catalyst for fast tracking the implementation of the Abhiyaan. By July 2018, 315 Swasth Bharat Preraks are likely to be deployed in 315 districts of Phase I of the POSHAN Abhiyaan.
The annual targets set under POSHAN Abhiyaan beginning 2017-18 are as under:
|1.||Prevent and reduce stunting in children (0-6years)||By 6% @ 2% p.a.|
|2||Prevent and reduce under-nutrition (underweight prevalence) in children (0-6 years)||By 6% @ 2% p.a.|
|3||Reduce the prevalence of anaemia among young children(6-59 months)||By 9% @ 3% p.a.|
|4||Reduce the prevalence of anaemia among women and adolescent girls in the age group of 15-49 years.||By 9% @ 3% p.a.|
|5||Reduce Low Birth Weight (LBW).||By 6% @ 2% p.a.|