What is stress?
Stress is defined as a response to a demand that is placed upon you. Stress in a normal reaction when your brain recognises a threat. Stress can be described as ‘a condition or feeling that a person experiences when they perceive that the demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilise.’ For most people, stress is a negative experience.
What causes stress?
Stressors are anything that cause or increase stress. Here are a few examples:
Academics: It is by far the biggest stressor for college students, the pressure of not failing takes a toll on their mental health.
Extracurricular: Some students may feel pressured to make extracurricular activities a part of their daily routine to the point where every hour of the day is accounted for.
Peers: Peer pressure is a major stressor, especially pressure that is negatively influenced.
Time management: One of the biggest stressors is not knowing how to plan and execute daily activities such as class, work, study time, extracurricular activities, and time alone for oneself.
Environment: Certain environments can bring about stress such as discussing/viewing heated topics, slow moving traffic, trying to find a parking spot, etc.
Common major life events that can trigger stress include:
- Job issues or retirement
- Lack of time or money
- Family problems
- Moving home
- Relationships, marriage and divorce
How does stress affect you?
Stress may cause you to have physiological, behavioural or even psychological effects.
Stress slows normal bodily functions, such as the digestive and immune systems. All resources can then be concentrated on rapid breathing, blood flow, alertness and muscle use.
The body changes in the following ways during stress:
- Blood pressure and pulse rate rise
- Breathing is faster
- The digestive system slows down
- Immune activity decreases
- The muscles become tense
- A heightened state of alertness prevents sleep
Stress management strategies
Stress management is all about taking charge of your lifestyle, thoughts, emotions, and the way you deal with problems. No matter how stressful your life seems, there are steps you can take to relieve the pressure and regain control.
Learn how to say no: Know your limits and do not compromise them. Taking on more than you can handle is not a good choice.
Attitude: It is human nature to want to freak out. Your mind is a powerful tool; use it in your favour. Thinking rationally can take you a long way.
Laugh: Do something that you enjoy – take on a hobby, hang out with friends, and learn to balance your life. If you are feeling upset, express your feelings. The act of laughing helps your body fight stress in a number of ways.
Find a support system: Whether it’s your mom, sister, brother, friend or counsellor, find someone you feel comfortable sharing your feelings with. Sometimes all we need is to vent off the frustration.
Breathing and relaxation: Meditation, massage, and yoga can help. Breathing and relaxation techniques can slow down the system and help you relax. Breathing is also a central part of mindfulness meditation.
Exercise: Physical activities can help you in not only burning off calories, but also burning off stress. Exercise helps release tension. Exercise for 30 minutes a day for at least 3 times per week.
Maintain healthy relationships: Talk and hang out with friends. Find some you relate to and with whom you can share your problems with.
Time management: Get a planner; create a schedule, or even a to-do list. Map out what your quarter will look like. Once you have done that, do a schedule for each week. Then create a schedule for each day. Be specific. Mark down your class meeting times, study time for a specific subject, mealtimes, fun activities, and sleep.
Organisation: Learn how to organise your notes, keep track of your assignments and note important due dates or date of exams. Establish your priorities for the day.
Budget: Create a budget for your monthly expenses. Distribute your money according to the bills you need to pay for the quarter (i.e. rent, tuition, groceries, personal items, house bills, petrol, etc.)
Delegate responsibilities: When school or work becomes overwhelming, dividing up the work or responsibilities helps alleviate pressure and stress.
The author is a consultant child and adolescent psychiatrist from Nagpur.